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Lifestyle Choices for Healthy Bones as You Age


Bone problems are prevalent across various age groups, impacting children, adults, and the elderly. Low bone mineral density poses an increased risk of fractures and osteoporosis, particularly in older individuals. Insufficient calcium and vitamin D intake, notably during childhood and adolescence, can hinder proper bone development. As we age, bone mineral density naturally decreases. Hormonal changes, such as those during menopause in women, can accelerate this bone loss. Sedentary lifestyles and a lack of physical activity may also compromise bone strength. Chronic conditions like rheumatoid arthritis and celiac disease can also weaken your bones, and a family history of osteoporosis amplifies this risk.

Factors like smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and specific medications further diminish bone mineral density, heightening the risk of fractures and related issues. Failure to take adequate precautions during young age may result in significant weakening of bones in later years, leading to issues with joints, causing pain, discomfort, fractures, and even a stooped posture or hunchback.

To prevent low bone mineral density and bone-related issues, consuming the daily dietary allowance for calcium, i.e. around 1000 to 1300 milligrams per day, is recommended. Adequate calcium intake, along with essential nutrients like vitamin D, can maintain optimal bone health and prevent bone-related complications.

Tips for Healthy Bones

Osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, and fractures are the most common bone problems. To prevent bone problems, consider the following tips:

  • Adequate Calcium Intake: Ensure a diet rich in calcium, as it is essential for bone health. Incorporate dairy products, leafy greens, and fortified foods to your dietary routine.
  • Vitamin D Exposure: Sunlight is a natural source of vitamin D, crucial for calcium absorption. Spend time outdoors and consume vitamin D-rich foods like fatty fish and fortified cereals.
  • Regular Exercise: Engage in weight-bearing exercises like walking, jogging, or resistance training to strengthen bones and improve density.
  • Protein-Rich Diet: Include sufficient protein in your diet, as it is essential for bone health. Sources include meat, poultry, fish, dairy, and plant-based options.
  • Collagen Supplements: Collagen is a crucial protein in bone structure, providing strength and flexibility. It contributes to bone density and helps prevent fractures. Include collagen supplement to your diet. They can be added to coffee or smoothies or taken as capsules with water.
  • Vitamin K Rich Foods: Vitamin K is essential for bone metabolism and helps synthesise proteins crucial for bone mineralisation. Include green leafy vegetables like mustard greens, turnip greens, spinach and broccoli in your diet.
  • Magnesium and Zinc-rich Foods: Include nuts, seeds, whole grains, and leafy greens. Zinc sources include meat, dairy, nuts, and legumes. A balanced diet can help meet these mineral requirements for bone health.
  • Quit Smoking: Smoking can contribute to bone loss. Quitting smoking can reduce the risk of bone-related issues.
  • Limit Alcohol Consumption: Excessive alcohol can weaken bones, so consume it in moderation.
  • Maintain a Healthy Weight: Being underweight or overweight can affect bone health. Maintain a healthy weight through a healthy diet and regular exercise.
  • Regular Bone Density Scans: Monitor bone health with regular check-ups, especially if you have a family history of bone issues. Periodic bone density tests and check-ups can help identify issues early and help to take preventive measures.

Best Medicines for Bone Diseases

The choice of medicine for bones depends on the specific diagnosis and severity of the condition. Consultation with an orthopaedic is essential to determine the most suitable treatment plan for bone condition. Here is the list of medications for the most common bone diseases.

  • Osteoporosis: Bisphosphonates, Raloxifene (SERM) and Denosumab.
  • Osteoarthritis: Acetaminophen (pain reliever), NSAIDs (Ibuprofen, naproxen), and topical analgesics (Creams containing medications like diclofenac)
  • Fractures: Paracetamol/acetaminophen (pain reliever) or opioids, bone healing medications (teriparatide).
  • Supplements for Healthy Bones: Calcium, Vitamin D, magnesium, Vitamin K, Zinc and boron.

You can order these medications on the online medicine order app. Online medicine delivery apps offer great deals by which you can minimise your medicine expenses. Get the best generic medicines and supplements for bone health. Also, avail expert guidance from doctors on diet and medications for healthy bones.

If you are considering taking supplements for your bones, consult with a doctor to determine your specific needs and ensure that the supplements are safe and appropriate for your bones.


Bone health is often neglected in youth and may lead to major bone issues later in life, causing pain, fractures, or a stooped posture. Incorporating adequate calcium, vitamins, and collagen supplements can reduce the risk of bone problems in later life. Besides regular exercise, a protein-rich diet and healthy weight can benefit your bones. Based on your bone conditions, your doctor may prescribe certain medications and supplements. It is advised to taken those on time and seek your doctor's advice before taking supplements to prevent adverse effects.