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Who Is The First IAS Officer Of India?

Unveiling the Trailblazer of Indian Administration
Who Is The First IAS Officer Of India?

The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is one of the most prestigious and coveted civil services in India. It plays a crucial role in the governance and administration of the country. The IAS officers are responsible for formulating and implementing government policies, ensuring law and order, and maintaining the overall functioning of the government. But have you ever wondered who the first IAS officer of India was? In this article, we will delve into the fascinating history of the IAS and discover the identity of the first individual to hold this esteemed position.

Meet Satyendranath Tagore, the first Indian to become an IAS officer 157  years ago

The Genesis of the Indian Administrative Service

The Indian Administrative Service was established during the British colonial era. Before independence, the administrative machinery in India was primarily controlled by the Indian Civil Services (ICS), which was dominated by British officers. However, with the aim of promoting Indian talent and fostering self-governance, the need for an All-India civil service that included Indian officers was recognized.

As a result, the Imperial Civil Service Examination was conducted for the first time in 1921, providing Indian candidates an opportunity to serve in high-ranking administrative positions. This was a significant milestone in India's journey towards self-rule and independence.

The First IAS Officer of India

The first IAS officer of India was Satyendranath Tagore. He is not to be confused with Rabindranath Tagore, the renowned poet and Nobel laureate, as Satyendranath was his cousin. Satyendranath Tagore was a brilliant and accomplished individual in his own right.

Satyendranath Tagore was born on June 13, 1842, in Calcutta (now Kolkata), and he belonged to a highly distinguished family. He came from a background of education and culture, which was deeply embedded in the Tagore family. This heritage of excellence played a crucial role in shaping his future.

In 1863, he joined the Indian Civil Service and went on to achieve exceptional success in the competitive examination, showcasing his intelligence and dedication. When the IAS was officially formed in 1947, after India's independence, Satyendranath Tagore was the senior-most member of the ICS, making him the first IAS officer of the nation.

Satyendranath Tagore's Contributions

Satyendranath Tagore's career was marked by dedication and a strong sense of duty towards the country. He served in various important administrative positions and contributed significantly to the development of British India. One of his notable contributions was as the Commissioner of Burdwan, where he worked tirelessly for the betterment of the region.

Furthermore, his administrative skills and commitment to public service were highly commendable. His tenure as an IAS officer set the precedent for the future generations of civil servants in India, emphasizing the importance of upholding the values of integrity and public service.


Satyendranath Tagore's journey from the early days of the Indian Civil Service to becoming the first IAS officer of India is a testament to his dedication, intelligence, and commitment to public service. His pioneering role in the IAS paved the way for numerous others to follow in his footsteps. The Indian Administrative Service, with its first officer, embarked on a journey to become one of the most esteemed civil services in the world, serving as a vital pillar of India's governance and administration. Satyendranath Tagore's legacy continues to inspire the generations of IAS officers who have succeeded him, as they strive to uphold the values of public service and contribute to the betterment of India.